Understanding Small and Large Cap Investing
08 September 2023

Among the many concepts that investors encounter, two terms stand out: "small caps" and "large caps." These terms are tied to market capitalisation and hold a significant role in shaping investment strategies.

In our latest Fundamental Flash, we delve deeper into the universe of small and large-cap stocks including its attributes.

Deciphering Market Capitalisation

Market capitalisation, often referred to as "market cap," is a fundamental metric that gauges the total value of a company's outstanding shares of stock. Calculated by multiplying the current stock price by the total number of shares available, market cap serves as a vital tool for classifying companies based on their size.

In turn, this classification provides investors with insights into the scale of the company and the associated risks and rewards.


Small-cap companies are characterised by their relatively modest market capitalisation. In Malaysia market, these are typically businesses with a market cap of less than RM 2 billion.

Often youthful and less established than their larger counterparts, small-cap companies possess a unique allure for investors seeking exponential growth potential. However, this potential comes with increased volatility due to inherent risks tied to smaller, emerging companies.


Conversely, large-cap companies boast high market capitalisation. These are the stalwarts of the corporate world, boasting a track record of stability and profitability. Often industry leaders, large caps are perceived as safer and more secure investments when compared to their smaller counterparts.

Yet, the price performance of large caps tends to exhibit steadier trajectories and may not experience the same explosive rebounds as their small-cap counterparts.ster rides of volatility, while large-cap investments might not deliver the same meteoric rises that their smaller counterparts can experience. 

Weighing the Choice: Big or Small?

As an investor, choosing between small and large-cap investments required a deep assessment of your risk tolerance, investment objectives and time horizon.

Small-cap stocks are an attractive choice for those eager to embrace higher growth potential as these are companies that are in the early stages of their business lifecycle. These businesses are typically driven by innovative ideas, cutting-edge technologies, or disruptive products and services. As they are still in the process of establishing themselves, there is substantial room for growth and expansion.

On the flipside, large-cap stocks may appeal to more conservative investors seeking stability and a history of success. Often referred to as "blue-chip" stocks, investors are drawn to them because of their strong brand recognition and established market position. Many large-cap stocks are known for their regular dividend payments making them attractive for income-focused investors. 

Yet, it's important to note that neither path is without its potential pitfalls. Small-cap investments can lead to roller-coaster rides of volatility, while large-cap investments might not deliver the same meteoric rises that their smaller counterparts can experience. 

In reality, the choice often lies in the alignment of one's investment strategy with their personal financial goals and comfort level with risk.

The Best of Both Worlds

By incorporating a mix of small and large-cap stocks into your portfolio, you can tailor your investments to align precisely with your objectives.'

Whether you prioritise aggressive growth, stable income, or a balance of both, diversification allows you to construct a portfolio that mirrors your specific financial aspirations.

This article has been prepared by AHAM Asset Management Berhad (“AHAM Capital”) specific for its use, a specific target audience, and for discussion purposes only. All information contained within this presentation belongs to AHAM Capital and may not be copied, distributed or otherwise disseminated in whole or in part without written consent of AHAM Capital.

The information contained in this presentation may include, but is not limited to opinions, analysis, forecasts, projections and expectations (collectively referred to as “Opinions”). Such information has been obtained from various sources including those in the public domain, are merely expressions of belief. Although this presentation has been prepared on the basis of information and/or Opinions that are believed to be correct at the time the presentation was prepared, AHAM Capital makes no expressed or implied warranty as to the accuracy and completeness of any such information and/or Opinions.

As with any forms of financial products, the financial product mentioned herein (if any) carries with it various risks. Although attempts have been made to disclose all possible risks involved, the financial product may still be subject to inherent risk that may arise beyond our reasonable contemplation. The financial product may be wholly unsuited for you, if you are adverse to the risk arising out of and/or in connection with the financial product.

AHAM Capital is not acting as an advisor or agent to any person to whom this presentation is directed. Such persons must make their own independent assessments of the contents of this presentation, should not treat such content as advice relating to legal, accounting, taxation or investment matters and should consult their own advisers.

AHAM Capital and its affiliates may act as a principal and agent in any transaction contemplated by this presentation, or any other transaction connected with any such transaction, and may as a result earn brokerage, commission or other income. Nothing in this presentation is intended to be, or should be construed as an offer to buy or sell, or invitation to subscribe for, any securities.

Neither AHAM Capital nor any of its directors, employees or representatives are to have any liability (including liability to any person by reason of negligence or negligent misstatement) from any statement, opinion, information or matter (expressed or implied) arising out of, contained in or derived from or any omission from this presentation, except liability under statute that cannot be excluded.
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